Categorizing Losses


Category F—Utilities


Restore to pre-disaster design in the most economical manner. Extra pole structures are sometimes necessary to restore the function when erosion has destroyed stream banks and ground clearance has to be maintained over longer distances.


Visual evidence of ground subsidence indicating infiltration into the pipe must be present.


Loss of revenue is not eligible. Added costs or charges for providing regular utility services are not eligible (often referred to as increased operating costs).

When dealing with utilities, a Subrecipient generally has two sets of costs: what was done immediately to restore service (Category B) and what was done as a permanent solution (Category F). In some cases, however, the immediate fix is the permanent solution.

Historically, if the activity is conducted very soon after the event, FEMA may conclude that it is an emergency measure.

If a Subrecipient is using their own staff for the work, then only overtime is eligible. It is imperative that Subrecipients carefully articulate what was done and whether more work is required before a permanent solution is reached.

Category G—Parks, Recreational, and Other


Grass and sod replacement is eligible if it is an integral part of the restoration of an eligible recreational facility.


Trees and other plantings are not eligible unless part of an engineered wetlands or slope stabilization project.

Damage Estimates

All structures and damage sites within a park may be included as a single project...