Mitigation Measures: Sound Investments in Disaster Recovery

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DISASTER RECOVERY TODAY

...to public property damaged during a disaster. It provides mitigation grants with a focused mission of providing a means to prevent or reduce future losses of life and property through the identification and funding of cost effective measures that minimize the cost of future disasters (response and recovery).

Federal funding is limited and there are usually more requests than there is funding available. Awards are made on a competitive basis, with only the most effective projects being funded. Eligibility includes all disasters declared after November 1, 2004 and all jurisdictions are required to have a FEMA-approved MAP to qualify — with the exception of MAP planning grants.

Following a presidential declaration of a major disaster, the HMGP is open to participation from all eligible applicants. Eligible applicants are invited to complete and submit a Notice of Intent (NOI) describing their prospective project, which is usually due to the state 30-60 days from the opening of the application period (date of declaration). Selected eligible applicants submitting NOIs must then complete and submit a formal application, which is typically due 60-90 days from the opening of the application period for those projects deemed eligible and meeting state priorities and initiatives.

The state is responsible for establishing the procedures and priorities for selecting mitigation measures. Review criteria are based on the following:

This table reflects sample state rankings from the State of Texas:

404 HMGP – SAMPLE STATE RANKINGS

Taken from State of Texas DR-1709-TX

GENERAL INFORMATION (max. 85) POINTS

Is the project specifically identified in the MAP 35

OR Is this type of project identified in the applicant’s MAP 20

Was the MAP FEMA approved by (disaster date) 10

Is the project in a declared community 20

Is the project in a CRS (Community Rating System) community 20

ENVIRONMENTAL (max. 5)

CATEX (Categorically Excluded) eligible 5

Assessment required 3

Requires full Environmental Impact Statement 1

COST EFFECTIVE (max. 25)

Good Benefit Cost Analysis (BCA) Provided 5

Initiative project (no BCA required) 5

Weak BCA provided – no supporting documentation -5

BCA required but not provided -10

Engineering feasibility score 1-20

STATE STRATEGY POINTS (max. 20)

RESIDENTIAL BUYOUTS

Is buyout in the floodplain 10

Buyout of a Repetitive Loss home 10

Other buyouts 7

Retrofits 10

Residential elevations 3

Equipment 1

Mitigation Action Plans 1


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