Mitigation Measures: Sound Investments in Disaster Recovery

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Incorporation of Existing Planning Mechanisms

The planning entity needs to integrate all of the requirements of the MAP into other planning mechanisms, such as capital improvement plans, when appropriate.

Continued Public Involvement

Documenting and promoting mitigation efforts — prior, during and after disaster recovery operations — have been effectively undertaken by federal, state and local entities. These efforts have proven valuable since they have increased public awareness and compelled communities to take positive actions.

Some Best Practices

The process by which the plan is developed will The Some Best Practices The process by which the plan is developed will determine, to great extent, the usefulness and completeness of the plan. Developing the plan may appear to be an extremely difficult task. It need not be if the following principles are applied:

Take an All-Hazards Approach

The causes of disasters can vary greatly, but the effects often do not. As a result, you need to consider the similar effects caused by various hazards instead of having a unique plan for each type of hazard.

Use Available Guidance and Planning Materials

Sample planning materials are available though state and FEMAwebsites. These samples are general in nature, so your specific data and resources must be added and the contents tailored to address specific local circumstances.

Use a Team Approach

The most realistic and complete plans are prepared by a team that includes representatives of departments, agencies and groups which will execute the plan.

The preferred organization is a team of teams: a planning group overseeing the overall effort, resolving major planning issues and ensuring that various parts of the plan are coordinated; plus smaller teams of individuals representing departments, agencies and groups — brought together to work on specific annexes. This approach helps ensure that the plan is comprehensive and realistic, with minimal duplication of effort.

Involve Elected Officials

Seek the support of elected officials to make mitigation planning a priority task.

Build On What Exists In the Jurisdiction

A review of recent emergency operations and hazard events can help identify particular issues that need to be addressed in the planning process.

“These efforts have proven valuable since they have increased public awareness and compelled communities to take positive actions.”


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